- Futurism was an early-20th-century art movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti and described in his Manifesto of Futurism, published in 1909. This organization of writers and artists included the Italian architect Antonio Sant'Elia, who held highly detailed theoretical views on modernist architecture that he documented in a series of powerfully rendered architectural sketches published in his Città Nuova in 1914. The treatise Futurist Architecture was published that same year, and attributed to Sant'Elia as well. As a socialist, Sant'Elia had many of the same concerns as Russian artists after the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917, and these concerns formed the aesthetic basis for an architectural style based on images of speed, energy, and the quick pace of "modern" life. Kinetic sculpture and abstract painting also influenced Futurist architecture. Sant'Elia was, furthermore, fascinated by industrial cities and modern systems of transportation, and he sought to integrate the two into his plans for a vast, highly mechanized modern city. Despite his untimely death in 1915 while fighting in World War I, many of the revolutionary designs he created had a profound influence on Constructivist architecture and on the modernist urban plans made by such International style architects as Le Corbusier.
Historical Dictionaries of Literature and the Arts. Allison Lee Palmer. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Futurist architecture — (or Futurism) began as an early 20th century form of architecture characterized by anti historicism and long horizontal lines suggesting speed, motion and urgency. Technology and even violence were among the themes of the Futurists. The movement… … Wikipedia
CONSTRUCTIVIST ARCHITECTURE — Constructivist art and architecture, found in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and 1930s, grew out of the geometric, dynamic, and kinetic styles of both Cubism and Futurist architecture. Russian Constructivism, as it is also called, was then… … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
History of architecture — The History of architecture traces the changes in the history of architecture through various countries and dates.Prehistoric architectureNeolithic architecture is the architecture of the Neolithic period. In Southwest Asia, Neolithic cultures… … Wikipedia
Modern architecture — This article is about architectural aspects of modernization and modernism. For most recent developments in architecture, see Contemporary architecture. Contrasts in modern architecture, as shown by adjacent high rises in Chicago, Illinois. IBM… … Wikipedia
Googie architecture — Googie, also known as populuxe or doo wop, is a subdivision of futurist architecture, influenced by car culture and the Space Age and Atomic Age, originating from Southern California in the late 1940s and continuing approximately into the mid… … Wikipedia
Visionary architecture — is the name given to architecture which exists only on paper or which has visionary qualities. Étienne Louis Boullée, Claude Nicolas Ledoux and Jean Jacques Lequeu are one of the earliest examples of the discipline. But the work of Giovanni… … Wikipedia
Expressionist architecture — in Barcelonaby Antoni Gaudi 1906 10] Expressionist architecture was an architectural movement that developed in Europe during the first decades of the 20th century in parallel with the expressionist visual and performing arts. The term… … Wikipedia
Constructivist architecture — Narkomtiazhprom, Vesnin brothers, 1934 Constructivist architecture was a form of modern architecture that flourished in the Soviet Union in the 1920s and early 1930s. It combined advanced technology and engineering with an avowedly Communist… … Wikipedia
Western architecture — Introduction history of Western architecture from prehistoric Mediterranean cultures to the present. The history of Western architecture is marked by a series of new solutions to structural problems. During the period from the… … Universalium
Organic architecture — Fallingwater by Frank Lloyd Wright Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so sympathetic and well integrated with its site that… … Wikipedia